Peace & Stability Journal Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 6, Issue 4 - Page 18

Security Force Assistance Background and History In 2006, Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, chartered an organization called the Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance ( JCISFA) to work with the Joint Staff J7 ( Joint Force Development Directorate) to integrate Security Force Assistance (SFA) lessons and best practices from Iraq and Afghanistan across the Joint Force and the services. In 2012, Secretary Panetta updated the charter to more broadly look at these issues around the world and incorporate them along the pillars of Joint Force Development: doctrine, training, exercises, education, lessons learned, and concepts. JCISFA’s research has led its analysts to the conclusion that, while the U.S. military has experienced success training foreign forces to fight, they have had far less success helping partner nations develop their own capability to build and field forces, i.e., a generating function. Considering U.S. national security interests within the context of diminishing defense resources and an increasingly complex operational environment makes clear that an organic generating function capability in our foreign security partners is important to gaining and maintaining relative peace and security around the world in the future. Generating Function and the “Five Strategic Threats” Generally, there are three functions essential to viable security forces, thereby necessitating assessments and possibly assistance in one or all three functional areas. The first is the “executive function.” This is where policies, laws, and regulations are created. Next is the “generating function.” Here, the force recruits, trains, and equips itself. Finally, the “operating function” is where the work of the security force is done; this is the function with which most military members, regardless of rank, are most familiar. Today’s operations tempo, resourcing challenges, and increasingly complex operational environment make it critical for the United States to have security partners with enduring capabilities to contribute to global security efforts. Current U.S. Defense Leadership, Secretary of Defense Ash Carter, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford, indirectly highlighted these requirements when they recently identified the “Five Strategic Threats” to U.S. National Security: Iran, China, North Korea, Russia, and Violent Extremist Or [^][ۜ SK\\][ۜ]Z\ۈ[\][™[[ۈ[[]\Yܙ\[ۈH]HX][\ܝ\ۋ\]H[[^[Z\ܙ[^][ۜˈY[B[X[[H[[Z[\Y[ۜوY[\[]YBKˈH\و[\ܝ[\ۜHX\وX\]Sٝ[[YKZ][[\X\^[ۙHXXقݙ\Y[[H[H[Hو]ˈ[ SXYH[ۛܘ\\X][H]Y8'[ݙ\Y\]ܚY\΂[\[[[YX[\ܚ\H\˸'HH[ۛBMܘ\\ܚX\[ܙX]]Z[HYH[\ۛY[\H[ܙB]X]H\ܚ\ܙ[^][ۜ[\]YHقH[ܙH]X]H[\ۛY[ZYZK[XZHH[\ۛY[\\[H܈\ܚ\[X][˂[ܝ \[Z[H\ܚ\X]]H\]HۜܙY X[HوH؛[\\Y\YHH[ۛܘ\8&\]K\[HZ]\ݙ\Y[[Y[H[ݙ\Y܂[Yو]8%H\\[YHS[\YH\B'[ݙ\Y8'H[8'[\ݙ\Y 'H][[H[\][™[[ۈۛH]\H\\][ۈX\]Hܘ\ܙX]\\X[]H KK^HX\\ܛH\^H[][\H\ܛJK]][]\[HܙX]\\X]BKK^H]H[ܙHܘ\\ܛHH\][[[Y[ۘ[X\]JK\[ܙX\Y\X]H[H\Yœ] [ۚ]܋[XHH\وH\]ܞH]ZY\\HH\XZ[[\X\܈\ܚ\ ]YHوBY]وܘ\ZY\ܝ\Z\Yܝˈ][ܙHܘ\[[ܙH\XHܘ\KˈܙZYۈX\]H\\[H]\\]Z\Y]\ܚ\ܙ[^][ۜ[B[[H\وZ\[H]^H[][\BXX ۘH[[\X[Y H\ܚ\ܙ[^][ۜ˜[H\]]Y[\X\]H]ˈ\\[ܙB\XHܙZYۈX\]H\\[\ܝ\S[[[]\Yܙ\[ۈHH[[[ [[\\[[[XHX[Yۈ]HXܜKKܝܙXB[\[ܚ[ܛ\ [[”ZZ\HHѐH[][]Hو[\\[XXH[X[\\[ۈܛ\X][HY[YH\X\[]][ۘ[][Y[[ܙZYۈX\]Hܘ\ˈBXܛ\\YۈH[\X][ۜ]X][Y[ZY]H܈HX\]K\XK[XۛZXXܜوB\\][ۈ K 8&\ؚX]H\[X\]Y\[\YHۙ\\و][Y[[XZ[[[BوZ\ۈ[\][[[ۋHY[YYYX\]Y\\H[YۙYST[HX[Y[][ۜŠԜH KKۋ[X]\Y[][ۜH]ZY\\H[Y [ܘH][Y[\Xܘ]JH]\؛[KH[\ݚYHX[Y[][ۜ\BKˈ[]\\]Z\]ܘ\Z[[]][ۘ[\X[]B[\X]H[ܙZYۈX\]H\\\[[[H][Y[وZ\ۈ[\][[[ۋYKˈ[X[\˜[Z[]\H[\\HݚYY]Z[[[[[˜ۜX]]HZ\Yܝ\X][H][ܙ[X[\][\X[]KHKˈ[]HH\[܈X[][\\Y8'X\]H\]\˸'H\˜\X\ۛH[HK˸&\[\\][[Y]]^[]H[ܙHXXY[[XH[\ۛY[[X]H[ܚˈHZ[H[Y]\[HH]