Peace & Stability Journal Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 6, Issue 4 - Page 16

allow for proactive and preventative approaches to organized crime and its impact upon governance, development, and the state.” Once the context was established, the participants received an outline of the specific workgroup task and a brief scenario to begin the discussion. The scenario was based on the al Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb (AQIM) and Ansar al Dine groups operating in the Tuareg-populated areas of northern Mali. While initially discussing the optimal approach to defining whether given violent groups (AQIM and Ansar al Dine) operating in Mali in 2012 were terrorist/insurgent or criminal in motivation, the working group determined that this was not the most important question. As the fall of the Soviet Union led to a multipolar world in which state sponsorship of terror/insurgent groups is less common, most groups use or become criminal networks to fund their operations and attract adherents. Therefore, the working group determined that it is more important at the analytical stage to start from Department of Defense doctrine and use a number of tested analytic methodologies to identify other elements of these groups, including: • Operational design • Joint intelligence preparation of the operational environment ( JIPOE) • Military decision making process • Applied intelligence for irregular warfare • Civil vulnerability assessment • Counter-threat finance • Social network analysis • Geospatial analysis Starting from the list of Internal Defense and Development (IDAD) tasks, the working group determined that the social networks must first be understood and/or appreciated. Then, strategic peace keeping mission planners should apply the following considerations to determine their potential to mitigate or support mitigation of the destabilizing effects of the networks: • Ensure unity of effort • Resource the force with robust information collection and analysis • Identify required/existing capabilities (including those of the host nation) • Integrate civil-military considerations into mission planning effort • Promote rule of law and a responsive government • Develop/execute strategic communications plan • Identify/address underlying causes of violence 14 The working group will continue these discussions via an online wiki-based community with weekly discussions prompted by the PKSOI group moderator. The goal of the wiki group will be to refine and test analytic methodologies and mitigation strategies for increasing specificity of TOC network products, as well as identifying optimal online tools and training approaches. The community will also meet quarterly via video conference to finalize the agenda and tasking for PSOTEW 2017. The ultimate goal is to develop methods tailored to a mission’s ability to identify, analyze and investigate organized crime, and to differentiate these networks from terrorism and insurgency, while considering the interplay of corruption in both types of networks. These tested methodologies will determine the appropriate responses to fill a very real gap in knowledge and capabilities. This approach should enhance peace keeping effectiveness.