Number 13, December 2011 briefing paper World Bank Making Development Assistance Work Better by Faustine Wabwire Key Points • The principles of the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action need to be reaffirmed. Experience shows that these principles are relevant to development. Considerable progress has been made toward putting them into practice, and their fuller implementation will contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. • Development—and development cooperation—needs to promote inclusive, accountable partnerships that support country-led processes. • Monitoring and reporting on development goals should rely on stronger, more widely-used country frameworks. • Donors need to follow through on their commitments to change their policies and practices. For many, this will involve making their aid agency structures more efficient. • U.S. leadership has already spurred considerable progress on aid effectiveness—this should be used to leverage support among international partners and to strengthen multilateral capabilities. Faustine Wabwire is foreign assistance policy analyst for Bread for the World Institute. Bread for the World Institute provides policy analysis on hunger and strategies to end it. The Institute educates its network, opinion leaders, policy makers and the public about hunger in the United States and abroad. www.bread.org Abstract In 2005, through the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the international community accepted ambitious commitments to improve the impact of development assistance. Today, important questions emerge: to what extent have these commitments been implemented? Is aid being delivered in a more effective way? In 2008, the Accra Agenda for Action called for greater focus on country ownership, accountability and transparency, and inclusive partnerships. Globally, progress has been made but more needs to be done. In general, the governments of developing countries have gone further than donors in implementing their commitments, though efforts and progress vary. At the country level, aid effectiveness efforts have had wider impact on institutions and, in turn, on development results. Since 2005, the Paris principles have been adapted by a growing number of stakeholders, including civil society and parliaments, to specific needs and situations. However, efforts to meet the needs of the poorest people must be stepped up. Aid is only one element of the development process; the Paris principles are also applicable to other development efforts, such as South-South cooperation. The Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (Busan, Korea, Nov. 29 – Dec. 1, 2011), should forge deeper political commitment and identify concrete follow-through actions. The post-Busan agenda should ensure that aid supports development priorities, especially the Millennium Development Goals.