Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 45

45 Arctic Yearbook 2015 enterprises, including profit-making organizations of housing and communal system, thus complicating control over consumer choice and price formation by state authorities. Currently, no systematized approach towards pre-scheduled goods delivery management in the region under study has been elaborated. No unified regulatory legal act of the Russian Federation to define the order of legal regulation of subjects, sources of finance, rights and obligations of the parties of agreements on goods delivery, or division of responsibility between different government bodies and levels are currently in place. Information on the fuel prices considered in the formation of electric and thermal energy rates for each year supplied to enterprises of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is provided by the State Committee for Price and Tariff Regulation, and by the State Committee for Price Making Policy, Regional Energy Commission Sakha Republic, in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Measures on improvement of pre-schedule fuel and power resources delivery The data here and above allows us to summarize the pros and cons of the existing system of prescheduled delivery of fuels to the polar regions of Yakutia and Chukotka (Table 5). Table 5: Pros and cons of the existing system of pre-scheduled delivery of fuel and power resources to the polar regions of Yakutia and Chukotka. Pros Cons Unified system of delivery of different types of fuel and power resources Need for usage of multiphased transportation and logistics scheme Strictly centralized transport and financial support for fuels delivery State support for pre-schedule delivery of fuel and power resources including payments to suppliers, transport and energy companies State control over delivery and consumption of fuel and power resources Long period of fuels delivery to ultimate consumers High delivery expenses; 2-3 times higher than the cost of fuel and power resources Multiple re-loading and inter seasonal storage of fuel and power resources in en route storage facilities Huge losses of resources in terms of quality and volumes along the technological chain “fuels producer - consumer “ Exceptional dependency on petroleum products supply from outside the regions Necessity for storage of large reserves of petroleum products Large suppliers and consumers of fuel and power resources capable of organizing relatively efficient delivery and fuel resources usage (Joint Stock companies “Sakhaneftegazsbyt” and “Yakutskenergo”, State Unitary Enterprise “Chukotkasnab”, etc.) Competitive selection of suppliers of fuels and transportation companies State and regional programs on support of preschedule delivery and consumption of fuel and power resources and regular up-grading of such programs Barakaeva, Batugina & Gavrilov Insufficient levels of usage of local energy sources, notably, coal Lack of standardized boiler equipment and noncompliance with fuel types Low energy efficiency of fuel usage Social and economic inequality of population in various regions with similar climatic conditions