Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 41

41 Arctic Yearbook 2015 The delivery period for a particular volume of coal can range from 3-4 to 30 months, with 3-4 transshipments. Such a transportation scheme, even absent technological difficulties, implies huge losses in terms of quality and quantity (Zaharov 2013). The total length of the coal transportation route produced by Yakutia’s enterprises for remote consumers can reach 2700–2900 kilometers. The distance multiplies for oil product suppliers from other Russian regions. The Chukotka Autonomous Okrug The Chukotka Autonomous Okrug utilizes gas produced in small quantities (25.4 million m3, 2014) in the Zapadno-Ozerny deposit (100 km south to Anadyr) for NGV stations; black and brown coal from the Nagornaya (202,000 tons) and Ugolnaya (233,500 tons) deposits and black coal transported from the Zyryanskiy open-pit mine and Sakhalin (>110,000 tons); and oil products (in 2014, 106,400 tons of diesel fuel; 24,400 tons of jet fuel; 5500 tons of petrol) supplied from Russian plants via Russian Far East ports and the Northern Sea Route from Murmansk. Moreover, a nuclear power station operates in Bilibino connected to the Chaunsky thermal power station by electric transmission lines. Fuels are delivered to storage facilities mostly via marine transport to five major ports (Figure 9). Figure 9: Major fuels delivery routes to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Barakaeva, Batugina & Gavrilov