Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 37

37 Arctic Yearbook 2015 Correspondingly, delivery schemes are formed with respect to the navigation seasons and terms of operation of winter roads used for transportation of goods to remote communities located far from rivers and seashore. Figure 2: Major routes of fuel and energy resource delivery to regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). In 2014, thousands of tons of product were shipped to meet the needs of housing and communal services, including coal from the Dzhebariki-Khaya deposit (128 tons), from the Zyryanskiy coal deposit (70.6 tons), and from the Arkagalynskiy deposit (1.78 tons) in the Magadanskiy oblast, as well as 41 thousand tons of oil, 10.9 thousand tons of gas condensate, and 2.4 thousand tons of diesel fuel. In addition, to supply the joint stock company Sakha energo (the Deputatskiy thermal power station), 37 thousand tons of coal and 59.1 thousand tons of oil products were delivered by the Russian joint stock company SUEK (Government of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) 2014). Currently, subventions to the Russian Federation regions are no longer target-oriented. Subsidies from the federal budget to the regions are part of an aggregate transfer, without specification of purpose or sectors of application. The only objective is a guarantee of balanced state payments to regions with a budget deficit, regardless of their geographical location and long-term product delivery. In 2011-2014, expenditures on fuel delivery and storage in the 13 Arctic regions of the Sakha Republic rose by a factor of 1.5 and reached 4 billion rubles per year (Table 3). The most marked increase in Barakaeva, Batugina & Gavrilov