Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 35

35 Production cost millions N/A USD Arctic Yearbook 2015 N/A N/A N/A Joint stock company “Nizhne-Lenskoe”7 Diamond production, N/A N/A 984 1297 thousand carats Production cost million N/A N/A 81.53 97.1 USD Gold, kg8 2242 956.5 614 2152 Inclusive the Ust1137 491.8 6 1350 Yanskiy region The Verkhoyanski 1105 327.8 262 308.0 y region The Momskiy 60.0 96 107.0 region The Nizhnekolym 8.9 154 280.0 skiy region The Verkhnekoly 8.0 0 0.0 mskiy region Tin, ton (the Ust-Yanskiy 3707 2569 1957 2001 region)8 Coal, thous. ton (the N/A 279 182 123 Verkhnekoly mskiy region)8 N/A N/A 157.7 136.3 175.4 153.1 N/A N/A 1301 1372 1351 1253 1508 1521 2010 1818 90.8 92.94 100.9 86.4 116.9 110 132.9 594 785.4 593 642 432 482 415 446 22.0 26.6 35.3 29.0 2.0 24.0 15.0 43.0 316.0 323.2 224.1 310.0 130 106.0 123.0 137.0 118.0 217.8 153.4 149.0 141 176.0 125.0 133.0 20.0 0.0 26.8 5.0 0 0.0 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 674 187 No production 152 150 195 243 200 171 160 172 Currently, management and governance of settlements in the polar areas of Yakutia and Chukotka are predominantly oriented towards social needs of the communities (Vasiliev et al. 2009). These remote Arctic settlements have no industry and are generally used as terminals for supply of sparse mining enterprises, transportation of their production and personnel (Huskey 2011). The production and infrastructure are bound to diamond, gold and other mineral industries (Fondahl et al. 2014), and labor force is attracted in a shift work arrangement. Rearrangement of the Russian economy resulted in changes of approaches towards its Arctic territories development, notably the eastern regions. In the 1990s, the operating system of delivery of goods to northern territories collapsed resulting from misunderstanding of the role of the Arctic and the prospects of its development in the framework of the country’s economy and the demolition of Barakaeva, Batugina & Gavrilov