Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 349

349 Arctic Yearbook 2015 In order to evaluate the existence of shared identities, values, meanings and commonly long-term interests, Amitav Acharya divided his analytical framework into three sections: one about norms in dispute settlement, one about norms for collective action and one with regard to the issue of collective identity (ibid.: 36). The main-guiding questions he identified for each of these sections will also form the analytical basis of this article and are summarized in the following table: Table 2. Constructing security communities: a framework (Acharya 2014: 36). Questions about norms in dispute settlement 1 In handling intra-regional disputes, has the use of force been resorted to or seriously envisaged? 2 Has there been any indication of competitive arms acquisitions and military planning during the course of the dispute? 3 Does the group provide for institutional mechanisms to settle disputes between members? 4 How often do members resort to such mechanisms? Questions about norms in collective action 1 Does the group follow its norms in devising functional cooperation, such as economic cooperation? 2 Does the group follow its norms in dealing with outside actors? 3 What is the level of support provided by other members of the group to a member who is involved in a dispute with an outside actor? 4 How does the grou