Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 34

34 Arctic Yearbook 2015 Nizhnekolymskiy Olenekskiy Srendnekolymskiy Ust-Yanskiy Eveno-Bytantayskiy National 3 Total 13 Arctic areas Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadirskiy Beringovskiy4 Bilibinskiy Iultinskiy Providenskiy Chaunskiy Chukotskiy (rural population) Shmidtovskiy5 Total Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 13,692 3993 9441 41265 0 146,380 4414 3963 7535 7359 2790 69,395 32.2 99.2 79.8 17.8 47.4 12 4 10 11 2 104 40,475 8968 27,847 15689 9778 32,167 6878 15,726 23,329 47.2* 16 7855 5197 3771 5800 4603 28.2 16.5** 38.6 18.0 66.9 10 10 6 12 6 157,528 50,555 32.1 60 In Yakutia, a marked population decline is evidenced in the areas of incessant industrial development in the Ust-Yanskiy region – by 5.6 times; in the Nizhnekolmskiy region – by 3.1; and in the Bulunskiy region – by 2.1. In regions with traditional economies, the population decline was less evident: in the Abyyskiy region – by 1.5; in the Anabarskiy, Zhiganskiy, Momskiy, and Srendnekolymskiy regions – by 1.1-1.3; while the population density in the Olenekskiy region was not subject to a change. In Chukotka’s Anadirskiy (by 2.1) and Chukotskiy regions (by 1.5) a less marked population decline was evidenced. The population in the Bilibinskiy, Iultinskiy, and Chaunskiy regions declined by 3.5 - 6.0 times. Similar dynamics resulted from a shift in Russian state policy towards the Arctic by the end of the 20th century and a significant reduction of mining production in northern Yakutia (Ta ble 2) and Chukotka, as well as the deterioration of other subsidiary sectors. Table 2: Production volumes in the Arctic areas, Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Mineral / 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 year Diamonds Joint stock company “Almazy Anabara”6 Diamond production, thousand carats N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 N/A N/A N/A 2534 2408 2521 3059 State Support of Delivery of Fuel & Energy Resources