Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 544

Arctic Yearbook 2014 544 In order to provide reliable information about the level of impact on the environment, objects category I, stationary sources, the list of which is established by the Government of the Russian Federation, will have to equip their stationary sources with automated tools measuring and accounting emissions and discharges as well as technical communication to the state fund of the state environmental monitoring data. The Important Environmental Protection Measures at the Current Stage Thus, in the context of the transition to technological standardization for environmentally hazardous facilities in the Russian Arctic, environmental protection measures such as the following become important: • Creation and implementation of automatic control system for the composition and volume of wastewater discharges; • Creation of automatic control systems for air pollution, equipping emission stationary sources of control devices, construction, purchase and equipment of laboratories for air pollution control; • Construction of facilities and manufactories of raw materials production or finished products from production wastes; • Research and project works aimed at the environmental safety of production. Now, companies can finance the implementation of theses measures within the accrued sum of payments for negative impacts on the environment, by reducing this sum on incurred expenses. Conclusions Stricter requirements in the field of environmental protection will have a major impact on the enterprises that could potentially become significant polluters. Such companies need to use methods of strategic environmental planning to receive economic benefits from the state. Not only environmental quality of products will be critical in the competitive struggle in the long term, but also the mode of production with use of the BAT, which combine minimal negative impact on the environment, and the rational use of nature and economic efficiency. There is the economic possibility and practicability of using regulatory mechanisms to reduce fees for negative impact on the environment as the instrument to stimulate the transition of enterprises to the best available technologies. Acknowledgements This study was funded by the