Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 543

Arctic Yearbook 2014 543 • Environmental regulation based on the technological standards, under the condition of acceptable risk to the environment and human health; • Step-by-step elimination of the practice of setting the temporary above permitted standard emissions and discharges. Secondly, on the 15th of April, 2014, the State Program of the Russian Federation “Environment 2012 to 2020” was approved by the RF Government Decree № 326. Taking into account the priorities of the state policy in the field of environmental protection the objective of the Program is to improve environmental safety and preservation of natural systems. It includes financing for a subprogram named “Regulation of Environmental Quality” which consists of over 70 billion rubles from the federal budget. The transition to the new state regulation system in the field of environmental protection will take about 10 years. The main tasks of the transition to this system are presented in the Table 3. Period Main tasks 2013- - Put all objects of economic activity on the state records; 2017 - Differentiation of enterprises according to the degree of impact - Adaptation of sectoral BREFs to the Russian conditions; - Enterprises must prepare the action plans to reduce the negative impact on the environment. From 2019 - A ban on putting into operation new facilities whose emissions / discharges do not correspond to the BAT, except for those companies that received a building permit before 01.01.2019 - Implementation of the transition to integrated environmental permits and declaring of the negative impact on the environment. From 2020 - Increase in the coefficients to the rates of payments for emissions / discharges of harmful substances (pollutants) within the temporarily permissible emissions / discharges carried out with their excess From - Administrative restrictions will address the existing businesses 2025 Table 3: Main tasks of the transition to the new system of state regulation in the field of environmental protection In accordance with the “Plan of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation for 2013 to 2018”, by the fourth quarter of 2017, the normative legal acts necessary for the implementation of the Federal Law N 219-FZ must be approved, Russian sectoral BREFs published and organizational measures for the functioning of a new system of integrated environmental permits implemented. It is expected that not less than 30 major companies will have integrated environmental permits by the fourth quarter 2018 and will have begun to realize ecological modernization programs. Regulation of Environmental Protection for Environmentally Hazardous Facilities in the Russian Arctic