Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 542

Arctic Yearbook 2014 542 • equipment for the use, transportation, neutralization of the production and consumption waste; • automated systems, laboratories for the control of the composition, the volume or weight of waste water; • automated systems, laboratories (stationary and mobile) to control the composition of the pollutants and the volume or weight of their air emissions; • automated systems, laboratories (stationary and mobile) to monitor the state of the environment, including natural environment components. At the same time Federal laws and regional laws may establish other measures of state support, at the expense of federal and regional budgets. Reducing sum of payments for negative impact on the environment on the sum of costs for financing the above measures can be regarded as benefit for the enterprises. It is necessary to consider that these payments affect the enterprise profit indicators, as they are included in production costs if the economic agent’s impact on the environment is within the permissible standards, and when the economic agent exceeds the permitted standards, the fees are levied from the profit. As a result of reforming the environmental standardization system and introducing incentive coefficients, fees for negative impact on the environment will be around 2% of the cost structure of environmentally hazardous enterprises. Some Strategic Documents and the Main Tasks in the Field of Environmental Development Several strategic documents in the field of environmental development of our country were accepted in 2012 and 2014. First of all, the Russian President approved “Basics of state policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030” (hereinafter – “Basics…”). According to the “Basics…” the strategic goal of the state policy in the field of environmental development is to solve social and economic tasks, providing for an environmentally-oriented economic growth, preservation of a favorable environment, biodiversity and natural resources to mee H