Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 415

  RUSSIAN MILITARY BUILD-UP IN THE ARCTIC: STRATEGIC SHIFT IN THE BALANCE OF POWER OR BELLICOSE RHETORIC ONLY? Barbora Padrtová The Arctic has been playing a central role in Russia’s identity and economic development. On the naval-strategic level, the most relevant for Moscow is maintaining of the credibility of nuclear deterrence, securing the open access of strategic submarines to world’s seas and in theoretical case of large-scale European war the Russian Navy´s strategic objective would be to interrupt the connection between Europe and North America (the latter was more eminent during th H