Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 390

390 Arctic Yearbook 2014 economic, environmental and human issues, though they may also highlight non-military, transnational security challenges such as the shipping disasters that loom large in the Faroese document. Along this spectrum the UK strategy largely, and logically, lies closer to the latter group, notably in its dual focus on environmental responsibility and sharing the economic spoils. Where it diverges from the ‘non-coastal’ model is in its forthright treatment of the military dimension (rather than, for instance, merely calling for ‘peaceful’ Arctic development): but this could be explained variously as a further claim to meaningful Arctic involvement, or a further expression of responsibility (since UK forces also boost neighbours’ defence).48 Similar motives, combined with the play of institutional influences during drafting, can explain the abnormally large coverage of science. Figure 1: Priority Themes of Arctic/High Northern Strategy Documents Adapted and expanded from Lassi Heininen, ‘Arctic Strategies and Policies – Inventory and Comparative Study’, Northern Research Forum 2011 (updated April 2012), available at http://www.nrf.is/arctic-strategies Arctic Council Member States Sov/Sec Econ/Trans Envir Man/Res Human/Ind Sci Canada x x x x x x X X X x /x /x x/x x/x x x (x) x/x /x x x x /x /x x x x/x x x/x x x x x/x x/x /x x/x /x /x x/x European Union 2012 x x X x Faroe Islands 2013 X x x/x /x x Kingdom of Denmark (2011) Finland Iceland Norway Russia Sweden USA x (x) (x) x Other States and Entities UK 2013 /x x/x x x/ (x/x) x Germany 2013 /x x/x x x/ (x/x) x Key to abbreviations: Sov = Sovereignty Sec = Comprehensive security Bailes Econ = Economic development (inc. natural resources)