Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 372

372 Arctic Yearbook 2014 administration. General mindset in the community and prospects for future development high potential to spread also to alternative industries Open-minded attitude to economic diversification, realistic prospects for economic diversification from mining to tourism “Resource fatalism” (miningoriented way of thinking), likely continuation of the resource path and “resource-cursed development” The study showed that the local development path in Revda stimulates resource fatalism in the community and forms a structural obstacle to economic diversification. In turn, the lower ‘psychological’ impact of the resource path on Kirovsk was shown in the study. The historical local path, where tourism has developed alongside the main industry, namely, mining, has had a positive influence in terms of economic diversification. This is seen in the way of thinking of the town administration and the main industrial company. In turn, Revda serves as an example of a place without a history of tourism. Therefore, its development struggles in large part because of a lack of human skills and difficulties in changing local attitudes and ways of thinking that hamper the switch away from resource fatalism to more diversification-friendly attitudes. Hence, Revda’s example reveals the obstacles that local path-dependency creates for economic diversification away from mining to tourism. Hence, the comparison of these two mining communities reveals the significance of the local historical path, which still influences local development today. The results show that in Revda there were both attitudinal and financial obstacles to economic diversification away from mining to tourism. In turn, in Kirovsk, economic diversification towards tourism only faced financial obstacles. Diversification is dependent on the well-being of the main sponsor OJSC Apatit, which in turn is dependent on the price of natural resources and is therefore vulnerable to any volatility in the markets. Hence, the sustainability and diversification of the town is partly resource-dependent as long as OJSC Apatit has a significant role as a sponsor of the building of tourism attractions in Kirovsk. Therefore, the study shows the current impact of the volatilities of the resource prices on the economic diversification and sustainable development of both Kirovsk and Revda. Nevertheless, the challenge for promoting sustainable development with a diversified economy in Revda is fundamentally deeper than in Kirovsk, which has a limited attitudinal obstacle to economic diversification. In Revda there are prevailing expectations of paternalist support from the public authorities and external investors, as local actors have limited financial resources to support economic diversification. In turn, in Kirovsk, OJSC Apatit supports economic diversification to tourism. So here too there are expectations th ]