Arctic Yearbook 2014
for local action and leadership, by network building, and by increasing communication among local
groups and between locals and policy makers in order to build trust between various actors.
Furthermore, institutions can arrange interactions that function as locations where socio-natural
capital can be built among individuals and groups. However, people decide how they interact and
how open they are in the given interaction processes. Thus, individuals can significantly hamper or
contribute to the building processes of socio-natural capital. As such, institutions, individuals and
social groups have a key role in building socio-natural capital. Socio-natural capital is thus often
borne in interactions between various people, groups and institutions, but as a result it can be
integrated into the values, practices and motivations of various actors, becoming then a property of
the given social system enhancing, for example, sustainable land use in the north.
When socio-natural capital enhancing sustainable land use is better understood, sustainable land use
can be better promoted. Thus, further research is needed especially on the factors that contribute to
understanding properties of institutions and people that enhance sustainable social-ecological
interactions. There is a growing body of literature, which aims to better comprehend linkages
between institutions and sustainable use and governance of SES (Young et al. 2008; Folke et al.
2007). This article highlights that this SES focused literature could also take account the idea of
socio-natural capital to better understand power relations in the form of institutional inclusion and
exclusion, perceptions of sustainable use of natural capital, trade-offs between various stakeholders,
environmental justice, and two-way relationships including trust or lack of it. When the features of
socio-natural capital and their dynamics are better understood, it is possible to design policies,
governance instruments, interaction