Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 30

Arctic Yearbook 2014 30 A Dependent Economy In the decade following the introduction of Home Rule, focus was put on ‘Greenlandization’ and decentralization, while Greenlandic was promoted as the main administrative and educational language. However, from the late 1980s on, cod disappeared from Greenland waters and thus an essential part of the Home Rule economic foundation, and since then a massive and gradually increasing loss on the Greenlandic trade balance has been recorded (Figure 1). Greenland's  trade  balance  in  constant  1979  prices   500     Millions  of  DKK   0     -­‐500     -­‐1,000     -­‐1,500     -­‐2,000     -­‐2,500     Figure 1: Greenland's trade at constant 1979 prices from 1979 to 2009. As can be seen, Greenland has had a significant trade deficit throughout the home rule period, except in 1989 and 1990 when there was a very modest surplus. (Based on Statistics Greenland data date). Slowly, societal developments returned back towards increased geographical and economic centralization, and today’s population of just over 56,000 inhabitants are distributed between 17 small ‘cities’ and 58 villages. The Intercultural Challenges of Engineering Education in a Greenlandic Context