Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 287

287     Arctic Yearbook 2014 norm seems to be supportive of a lifestyle of common commitments to deal with long-term sustainability challenges. The methodological contribution of this study was to apply qualitative participatory systems dynamics to the theory of conditional cooperation for sustainable use of common pool resources. The microsituational and broader contextual variables that were accounted for by the interviewees proved relevant to make the assessment that cooperation is in this case conditional: tourism can function as the empowerment needed to activate drivers for sustainable development of Gunnarsbyn on a local level. The approach of micro social constructionism became relevant to the core questions of sustainability science as it puts personal accounts of work in relation to sustainable development of communities. Further investigations of approaches that identify context-specific conditions that enhance shared long-term benefits are needed. Suggestions for further research thus include studies of other peripheral areas in Northern Europe and a comparison of their strengths and weaknesses in developing cooperation for sustainable use of common natural resources. Further research should also include other stakeholder views and elaboration of how the policies that are mentioned in this study have influenced livelihoods in European Arctic regions. References Berkes, F., Colding J. & Folke, C. (eds.) (2003). Navigating Social-Ecological Systems. Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. UK: Cambridge University Press. Briassoulis, H. (2002). Sustainable Tourism and the question of the Commons. Annals of Tourism Research. 29(4): 1065-1085. Burr, V. (2003). Social Constructionism 2nd edition. Routledge. Bryant, A. & Charmaz, K. (2010) (eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory. SAGE Publications Ltd. Callaghan, E. G. & Colton, J. (2008). Building sustainable & resilient communities: a balancing of community capital. Environment, development and sustainability 10(6): 931-942. Daly, H. E. (1996). Beyond Growth. The Economics of Sustainable Development. US: Beacon Press Esterberg, K. G. (2001). Qualitative Methods in Social Research. US: McGraw Hill Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyzes. Global Environmental Change. 16: 253-267. Kristjánsdóttir