Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 277

277     Arctic Yearbook 2014 to show the contemporary state of the system at the time of the interview. Four main steps were used as guidelines to the method: 1) 2) 3) 4) Explaining the basics of CLDs with help of an example diagram that does not relate to the aim of the interview. Clarifying the goal of the diagram: Does local tourism practice make the community sustainable? The interviewee starts defining variables with help of questions, e.g. ‘what is important to know about the context of this system?’ The interviewee defines the relationships between the variables with help of questions, e.g. ‘which strategies are the most relevant to be able to meet these challenges?’ Fieldwork was done in Gunnarsbyn March 2nd – 15th, 2011. The participants represented all tourist hosts in Gunnarsbyn (Table 1). They were chosen by purposive strategy, already established connections with people that could give the greatest possible insight into the topic in this area (Esterberg, 2001). This may be seen as a challenge to the role of a neutral researcher and creates a risk for bias. On the other hand the researcher did not have the possibility of choosing participants by any other methods since these individuals are the only tourist hosts in their community. The interviews were conducted in Swedish and translated in the transcribing process. The quotes provided in the following chapters are therefore a word for word translation. The translation and transcription was done by the author. The presented quotes were sent to the participants to be confirmed before publishing. Additional ethical considerations that need to be addressed are those regarding mutual reward of participation to both the researcher and the participants. The interview questions were designed in a manner that helped the participants reflect on their own situation and the participants commented that the outcomes of the participatory system analysis method provided them with an overview of their situation. During follow-up communication one of the participants, Tatiana, mentioned that she had used the results of the interview in her work in a municipal networking project. The correct names of the participants are used in the results with their permission. Table 1: List of Participants Participants Description of business Kurt Selberg