Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 117

Arctic Yearbook 2014 117   from these two countries at 12% and 53%, respectively. However, after having been in Sweden for five years, the labour supply exceeded the reference level for immigrant women originating from Denmark, the Baltic countries, Poland, and the former Soviet Union (Figure 8). Besides the “refugee” groups, which in general are characterized by lower levels of human capital, shorter periods since immigration, and reasonably distinguished labour market outcomes, two groups (Finland and North America, Japan, and Oceania) need comments. It can be hypothesized that women from North America, Japan, and Oceania mostly come to Sweden as wi