Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 101

Arctic Yearbook 2014 101 Arctic, people from a wider variety of countries will come to the region, many as labor migrants. Third, as documented above in the section on migration in each Arctic region, there is a clear trend towards increased migration into the larger urban areas in the Arctic that is expected to continue. Notes 1. For the purposes of this chapter, the Arctic encompasses Alaska, the three northern territories of Canada – Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and the fifteen regions of Russia classified as the Far North. The number of Arctic regions shown in various tables differs because of data availability. This definition differs slightly from that used in the Arctic Human Development Report. 2. The entire territory of ten regions are classified as being in the Far North (Krainyy Sever) – Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Murmansk Oblast, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Taimyr Autonomous Okrug, Evenki Autonomous Okrug, Republic of Sakha (Iakutia), Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Kamchatka Oblast, Koriak Autonomous Okrug, and Magadan Oblast. The Russian government classifies fifteen regions as belonging to the Far North on the basis that all or a majority of their territory is classified being in the Far North. In addition to the ten regions listed above, the following are also classified as the Far North – Republic of Karelia, Komi Republic, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, and Sakhalin Oblast. The city of Norilsk is also included this definition of the North. Russia also defines certain regions as being Arctic, which is a subset of those defined as northern. According to this definition, the Russian Arctic includes the territory of Murmansk Region, the Nenets, Chukchi and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Regions, the municipal formation of Vorkuta (Komi Republic), the municipal district of Norilsk, as well as several areas of Yakutia, two districts of Krasnoyarsk Territory and municipalities of Archangel Region (Marinelink.com, 2014). This is similar to the definition of the Arctic in Russia used in the Arctic Human Development Report (Arctic Council, 2004: 17-18). References Arctic Council. (2004). Arctic Human Development Report. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute. Arctic Council. (2004). Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.   Migration in the Arctic